The hottest international mining industry has ente

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International mining industry has entered the era of green development. As one of the most influential mining events in the world, China International Mining conference attracts many senior mining officials from all over the world every year. They exchange consulting information here, study and judge the mining situation, seek development opportunities, and throw olive branches to investors

influenced by multiple factors, many new trends have emerged in the development of international mining industry, and the mining policies of various countries have also entered the stage of adjustment and reform, in order to create a better environment to attract investors. In this year's relevant forums, the concepts of green mining and sustainable development have been frequently mentioned. Tax reduction and cost reduction have also become hot topics. Chinese, English, Arabic and French are intertwined, outlining the bright prospect of cooperation to promote the prosperity and revival of mining industry

there are business opportunities here

rich resources and superior policies have always been the gold lettered signboard to attract mining investment. In their speeches, senior mining officials of various countries spared no effort to publicize their competitive advantages and fully expressed their willingness to expand cooperation and deepen exchanges

Sudan, located in the northeast of Africa, is rich in mineral resources. In addition to metal minerals such as gold, iron, chromium, copper, zinc and nickel, it also includes non-metallic minerals such as marble, cement limestone and construction sand. It also has large reserves of energy minerals such as oil and natural gas. The local metallogenic conditions are good and contain great prospecting potential. Many large and medium-sized gold deposits have been found. According to Hashim Ali Mohamed sharim, Minister of mining of Sudan, the Sudanese government attaches great importance to the development of mineral resources, has formulated a series of relevant policies and technical standards, and has strengthened personnel training to meet the development needs of enterprises

Argentina, located in Latin America, focused on policy. At the forum, mariocapello, Deputy State Secretary of mining industry of the Ministry of energy and mining of Argentina, cited incentive measures in mining industry: for investment in mining development, accelerated depreciation policy can be adopted to reduce the income tax paid by enterprises and relieve the financial pressure of enterprises; Foreign companies and domestic companies are equal before the law, and foreign investment enjoys domestic national treatment; Implement the policy of double reduction of exploration tax rebate and exploration cost. It is worth mentioning that for important minerals, such as gold, silver, copper, lithium, iron, zinc, uranium and other industrial minerals, the ownership of the minerals belongs to the discoverer, who can negotiate with a third party. The ownership is permanent, i.e. until the mineral is completely exploited. However, in order to ensure effective ownership, the discoverer needs to pay a certain fee every year and strictly abide by the investment plan submitted to the corresponding national departments in Argentina

as a federal country, Argentina's mining management functions are divided into national and provincial levels. The former includes: formulating mining policies and national civil, trade, tax, environmental and labor related laws and regulations; Provide tax and financial stability guarantee for mining projects. The latter includes: granting mineral rights (exploration and development) to mining companies; Provide (construction, environment, etc.) permits and supervise whether the enterprise operates in compliance

Mario finally added that Argentina has a unified, free and open exchange rate market, and the export tax is 0; Investors are required to submit a feasibility report before mining development. After approval, they will enjoy stable tax and fiscal policies for 30 consecutive years

Peru, also from Latin America, is a country with relatively developed mining industry. Statistics show that mining industry accounts for 21% of Peru's GDP, 64% of total exports and 22% of foreign direct investment. A research report pointed out that Peru is the most attractive mining investment destination in Latin America. Glencore, BHP Billiton, Rio Tinto and other global 500 companies have made important investments here: the Mining Development Zone accounts for only 14% of Peru's land area, and there is still a vast space for people of insight to explore. As long as there is room for research, our technology is always the first to advance. In order to ensure the effectiveness of commercial investment, the Peruvian government has promulgated a series of comprehensive measures in terms of technology and management, such as simplifying administrative procedures, creating a social environment suitable for investment, promoting diversified project implementation methods, and standardizing review behavior

serious pollution, high cost and green development have become the consensus

the era is developing continuously, and the mining development model has changed from the previous single pursuit of economic benefits to the "two hands" of economy and environment. On this point, both developed and developing countries share the same view

Canada is a major mining country to the letter. Its equity financing in exploration and mining accounts for 34% of the global total, ranking first in the world. "In order to ensure green and healthy economic growth, we have focused on innovative clean technologies, implemented strict environmental monitoring, formulated solid laws and policies and a sound environmental assessment and supervision system, and emphasized the social responsibility of enterprises." Mariancampbell Jarvis, assistant deputy minister of natural resources of Canada, warmly introduced how Canada is committed to sustainable resource development

according to statistics, in the past four years, Canada has invested more than 1billion yuan in clean technology of natural resources and about 20billion yuan in environmental protection infrastructure; It is planned to double the investment in clean energy and clean technology research and development by 2020. At present, Canada is looking for bilateral or multilateral partners around the world to accelerate the promotion of green mining technology, reduce environmental damage caused by mineral resources mining, and improve the efficiency of ore separation and deep mining

although the mining development of Sudan is not as good as that of Canada, it also attaches great importance to environmental issues. The Sudanese government requires that companies and institutions operating in Sudan must comply with local laws and regulations and protect the ecological environment; Part of the mineral income should be used for sustainable development and community development to benefit the residents around the mining area. In recent years, Sudan has introduced a number of environmental protection measures, and even a company specialized in environmental protection of mineral resources has emerged. Its determination to take the road of sustainable development of mining industry can not be underestimated

in Nigeria, another developing country, a state has established a mineral resources and environment management committee, which does not directly manage mineral rights and mineral rights holders. Instead, it puts forward suggestions to various functional departments by paying attention to local social and public interests related to mining, forming a third-party opinion independent of the manager and the managed. At the same time, Nigeria stipulates that the exploration and development of mineral resources must comply with environmental protection policies and prohibit all acts that damage the ecological environment; Encourage and guide companies to invest in projects with resource potential through subsidies from the Ministry of finance

prospects for future development

faced with the increasingly cautious attitude of investors, all mining countries have come up with their own mining development plans. From this, we can preliminarily infer where the hot spots of mining development in various countries will appear in the future

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Hashim Ali Mohammed sharim, Minister of mining of Sudan, said that at present, mining companies from China, Russia, Turkey and Canada have entered the Sudanese market one after another. The Ministry of mining of Sudan welcomes major companies from the world to invest. He believed that "Sudan and China share common interests in oil and infrastructure construction" and can achieve common development

the areas with exploration potential that can be sold in Argentina account for 65% of the land area. The investment required for exploration is US $300million/year to US $400million/year. The geological conditions of Patagonia plateau and pampas mountains are very conducive to mining. In recent years, Argentina has approved a number of copper, gold and silver projects, some of which have entered the operation stage, and others are in the stage of in-depth exploration or feasibility study. In terms of the reserve of mining talents, they have made sufficient preparations - 120000 university graduates, 400000 regular college students, engineers, geographers, economists, workers and technicians and other high-quality talents play an important role in various projects

Canada has formulated highly competitive tax policies, such as tax credit for mineral exploration, and has also signed a China Canada foreign investment promotion guarantee agreement. The local government stressed that mining companies should establish good relations with indigenous peoples to maximize the interests of indigenous peoples and communities. "In order to improve the disadvantages of northern Canada in terms of investment and make full use of the potential of local resources, we strive to provide a lot of free public welfare geological data for the completion and operation of three berths above 50000 tons in the first half of this year, so as to reduce the investment cost of enterprises. It is expected that by 2020, we will be able to establish a geological data database covering all regions in northern Canada." Jarvis revealed. In addition, in order to explore the mineral resources deeply buried in the ground, Canada has also set up a targeted geoscience program to help investors find rich mineral areas

Ricardo labo, Deputy Minister of energy and mineral resources of Peru, showed the participants the goals of Peru's mining sector in 2021: first, promote new investment, which is planned to increase to 8% of the global exploration budget; Second, cooperate with local communities to improve the feasibility of development projects. It is planned that the scale of mining projects will be expanded to 50billion US dollars, of which the copper output will increase by 30%, and continue to maintain the status of the world's second largest copper producer; The third is to introduce policies to strengthen mine management. Over the past 10 years, Chinese enterprises have invested in six mining projects in Peru, with a total investment of US $11.4 billion. China and Peru have signed a series of cooperation agreements at different levels. Ricardo said optimistically that it is expected that Chinese enterprises will also have a great participation in Peru's mining industry in the next 6-7 years

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